Historical Review

 

Halkidiki has an important and notable prehistory. Its history begins thousands of years before the famous Petralona Cave with the remains of a Neanderthal man who lived 100,000 years ago. The capital of Chalkidiki is Polygyros, which is built on the ruins of ancient Apollonia, where Apollo Polyerios had a special sanctuary from which the city may have taken its present name. During the Ottoman domination Polygyros was a trade and textile center.

An area of ​​Halkidiki with a long history is Stagira. At Stagira, the great philosopher Aristotle was born, a teacher there in the same city - Alexander the Great. Ierissos is built on the beach that bears its name. From Ierissos passes the road to Ouranoupolis, which is the entrance to Mount Athos.

Halkidiki, thanks to its rich historical tradition, gives its visitors the opportunity to experience some of the most important archaeological sites of our country, such as Ancient Stagira, ancient Olynthos, the great Petralona Cave and many more. Visitors can also visit the many archaeological, folklore and not only museums of the area, which with their great exhibits will leave guests amazed by the historical and archaeological tradition of Halkidiki.

 

Sights

  • Mount Athos

  • Ancient Stagira, the birthplace of Aristotle at the Olympiad.

  • The archaeological site of Olynthos in Ierissos

  • The archaeological site of Akanthos

  • The Byzantine castles in Ouranoupoli, Sani, Nea Fokea and Toroni

  • Nea Roda, the closest point between Mount Athos and Chalkidiki, where Xerxes dug a canal in his attempt in 480 BC. to invade Greece

  • In Possidi, the most ancient sanctuary of Poseidon

  • Nikiti, Agios Georgios, Olive Coast, with Early Christian basilicas

  • Potidea, with medieval walls

  • Kallithea, with ruins of the Temple of Ammon Zeus

  • The Museum of Polygyro

 

Kassandra: In Possidi and the surrounding areas you can visit the sanctuary of Poseidon (from which it was named Poseidi) and the lighthouse at the end of Posidio's cape, which was built in 1864. Within walking distance the settlement of Kalandra where you can see the archaeological site of Mendes.

 

It is also worth visiting:

  •  The tower of Stavronikita in Sani

  •  The windmill in Kassandria

  •  The lake where the Testudinata turtle lives, near Polichrono

  •  The sanctuary of Amon Zeus and the Early Christian Basilica in Kallithea

  •  The ruins of the castle and the canal in Nea Potidea

  •  The tower of Apostle Paul in Nea Fokea

  •  The relics of the ancient city in Polygyros

  •  The traditional houses, the squares and the narrow alleys of Afytos, as well as the ruins of Ancient Afithos